Picasso, born as Pablo Diego José Francisco
de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios
Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso.
Pablo was born on October 25, 1881 and passed away
on April 8, 1973. He is one of the most recognized
artists of the 20th century.
His name in full was Pablo (or Pablito) Diego José
Santiago Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Crispín
Crispiniano de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima
Trinidad Ruiz Blasco y Picasso López. His father
was José Ruiz y Blasco; his mother, María
Picasso y López. In his early years he signed
his name Ruiz Blasco after his father but, from about
1901 on, switched to using his mother's name.
was born in Málaga, Spain,
and is probably most famous as the founder, along
with Georges Braque, of Cubism. However in a long
life he produced a wide and varied body of work, the
best-known being the Blue Period works which feature
moving depictions of acrobats, harlequins, prostitutes,
beggars and artists.
Picasso was primarily a painter (in fact he believed
that an artist must paint in order to be considered
a true artist), he also worked with small ceramic
and bronze sculptures, collage and even produced some
poetry. "Je suis aussi un poète,"
as he quipped to his friends.
paintings by Picasso rank among the most expensive
paintings in the world. On May 4, 2004 Picasso's painting
Garcon à la Pipe was sold for USD $104 million
at Sotheby's, thus establishing a new price record
(see also List of most expensive paintings).
hated to be alone when he wasn't working. In Paris,
in addition to having a distinguished coterie of friends
in the Montmartre and Montparnasse quarters, including
André Breton, Guillaume Apollinaire, writer
Gertrude Stein and others, he usually maintained a
number of mistresses in addition to his wife or primary
most famous work is probably his depiction of the
German bombing of Guernica, Spain; the Guernica (painting).
This large canvas embodies for many the inhumanity,
brutality and hopelessness of war. The painting of
the picture was captured in a series of photographs
by Picasso's most famous lover, Dora Maar, a distinguished
artist in her own right. A Nazi officer is supposed
to have come to his door brandishing a postcard and
demanding, "Did you do this?" "No,"
Picasso is supposed to have replied, "you did."
The Guernica hung in New York's Museum of Modern Art
for many years; Picasso stipulated that the painting
should not return to Spain until democracy was restored
in that country. In 1981 the Guernica was returned
to Spain and exhibited at the Casón del Buen
Retiro. In 1992 the painting became one of the main
attractions in Madrid's Museo de La Reina Sofía
(Queen Sofía's Museum) when it opened.
certain works, for example the Cubist pieces, tend
to be associated in the public mind with Picasso,
it is important to realize how talented Picasso was
as a painter and draughtsman. He was capable of working
with oils, watercolours, pastels, charcoal, pencil,
ink, or indeed any medium with equally high facility.
With his most extreme cubist works he came close to
deconstructing a complex scene into just a few geometric
shapes while at the same time being capable of photo-realistic
pen and ink sketches of his friends. Picasso had a
massive talent for almost any artistic endeavor he
turned his mind to, despite limited formal academic
training (he finished only one year of his course
of study at the Royal Academy in Madrid), and a ferocious